The Towns and Cities



Located in the heart of Tanzania, Dodoma is the nation’s official political capital and its seat of government. Smaller and less developed than the country’s commercial centre, Dar es Salaam, Dodoma, is also the centre of Tanzania’s expanding wine industry.


Located in the Southern Highlands, Iringa overlooks the Ruaha River and is a popular stopover for visitors to both the Ruaha and Udzungwa Mountains National Parks. During their occupation, the German military built the town as a fortified defence against marauding tribal warriors. Iringa was also the site of several battles during the First and Second World wars, and Commonwealth war graves can be found just outside the town. The Isimila Stone Age Site lies about 15 km from the town and is easily accessible. This is one of the most interesting stone age sites in East Africa and, with its pillars of limestone left standing after years of erosion, is well worth a visit.


Kigoma, is located on the eastern shores of Lake Tanganyika. It is a particularly good base for chimpanzee safaris to both Gombe and Mahale Mountains National Parks while Ujiji, the village where Stanley met Livingstone, is nearby.


Near the Zambian border, Mbeya is a major agricultural centre. Coffee, tea, bananas and cocoa are all grown in the area. It is the main gateway to Kitulo National Park and the site of the Mbozi meteorite.


Located on the south-eastern coast, near the border with Mozambique, Mtwara is a good base for exploring the Mnazi Bay Ruvuma Estuary Marine Park and nearby Mikandani.


In the hinterland of western Tanzania, Tabora is a key transit point as the main railway line from Dar es Salaam branches here for both Kigoma and Mwanza.


The country’s second and most northerly port, Tanga is a natural gateway to the Amani Forest Nature Reserve, the Amboni Caves, Tongoni Ruins and both Mkomazi and Saadani National Parks.